Induced volition: Resettlement from the Limpopo National Park, Mozambique

J.M. Milgroom, M. Spierenburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)


This paper focuses on the resettlement process taking place in the context of the creation of the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique, which is part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. About 27,000 people are currently living in the park; 7000 of whom are meant to be resettled to areas along the margins of the park. The Mozambican government and donors funding the creation of the park have maintained that no forced relocation will take place. However, the pressure created by restrictions on livelihood strategies resulting from park regulations, and the increased presence of wildlife has forced some communities to ‘accept’ the resettlement option. Nevertheless, donors and park authorities present the resettlement exercise as a development project. In the article we describe how the dynamics of the regional political economy of conservation led to the adoption of a park model and instigated a resettlement process that obtained the label ‘voluntary’. We analyse the nuances of volition and the emergent contradictions in the resettlement policy process
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-448
JournalJournal of Contemporary African Studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • (Transfrontier) conservation
  • Development
  • Mozambique
  • Resettlement


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