Individual variation in growing-finishing pig feeding patterns

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract

Abstract

The feeding patterns of growing-finishing pigs, consisting of intake, duration, frequency and rate, could potentially be used to monitor pig welfare. Feeding patterns, however, contain variation across and within days that appears unrelated to pig welfare and should be considered baseline, such as an increase in intake over time while duration and frequency decrease, and a peak in feeding activity in the afternoon. Although these patterns are clear at group level, many authors have reported large standard deviations around the means, implying that individual pigs may show vastly different patterns. Little is known about the variation in patterns at individual level, nevertheless distinct individual patterns could require different monitoring (e.g. modelling) methods. Our study aimed to gain insight into the feeding patterns of individual pigs, specifically looking into the variation between pigs and within a pig over time. We collected data from electronic feeding stations of 110 pigs (11 pigs/pen) and visualised group and individual patterns. At group level, we saw similar feeding patterns to what was expected from literature. Preliminary results showed distinct feeding strategies at the individual level. Pigs varied, for example, in the time of day during which they fed most and in the balance between feeding frequency and visit size used to obtain daily intake. These individual patterns became clearer with age. We conclude that pigs indeed show individual patterns in feeding behaviour, which develop over time. These individual patterns should be taken into account when developing welfare monitoring systems based on pig feeding patterns.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWIAS Annual Conference 2021
Subtitle of host publicationResilience
PublisherWageningen University & Research
Pages21-21
Number of pages1
Edition26th
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2021
EventWIAS Annual Conference 2021: Resilience -
Duration: 28 Apr 202129 Apr 2021

Conference

ConferenceWIAS Annual Conference 2021
Period28/04/2129/04/21

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