Increased tolerance of Litopenaeus vannamei to white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection after oral application of the viral envelope protein VP28

J. Witteveldt, J.M. Vlak, M.C.W. van Hulten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been generally accepted that invertebrates such as shrimp do not have an adaptive immune response system comparable to that of vertebrates. However, in the last few years, several studies have suggested the existence of such a response in invertebrates. In one of these studies, the shrimp Penaeus monodon showed increased protection against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) using a recombinant VP28 envelope protein of WSSV. In an effort to further investigate whether this increased protection is limited to P. monodon or can be extended to other penaeid shrimp, experiments were performed using the Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. As found with P. monodon, a significantly lower cumulative mortality for VP28-fed shrimp was found compared to the controls. These experiments demonstrate that there is potential to use oral application of specific proteins to protect the 2 most important cultured shrimp species, P. monodon and L. vannamei, against WSSV. Most likely, this increased protection is based on a shared and, therefore, general defence mechanism present in all shrimp species. This makes the design of intervention strategies against pathogens based on defined proteins a viable option for shrimp culture
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-170
JournalDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
Volume70
Issue number1/2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • penaeus-monodon
  • invertebrate
  • protection
  • immunity
  • memory

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Increased tolerance of Litopenaeus vannamei to white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection after oral application of the viral envelope protein VP28'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this