Incorporating Multiple Ecological Scales into the Governance of Landscape Services

Paul Opdam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter considers how environmental governance by local communities is complicated by hierarchically scaled natural processes and whether science is able to inform local communities about multi-level ecological relationships. The landscape is considered to be a social-ecological system (SES) model related to the cultural landscape concept. The chapter focuses on the benefits that humans gain by using the landscape based on the ideas of ecosystem services and landscape adaptation. A landscape adjustment in the SES may also be enhanced by changes at higher levels of the institutional or jurisdiction scale. The chapter discusses how ecological processes within and across the boundaries of a SES affect local biodiversity and, thereby, the provision of landscape services. Literature concerning the community-based planning of landscapes for landscape services is summarized. The chapter discusses a case study on how landscape service-based collaborative planning approach may have an impact on the local community.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScale-Sensitive Governance of the Environment
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781118567135
ISBN (Print)9781118567159
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2014


  • Ecological scales
  • Environmental governance
  • Landscape services
  • Social-ecological system (SES)


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