Inconclusive evidence of sexual reproduction of invasive Halophila stipulacea: A new field guide to encourage investigation of flower and fruit production throughout its invasive range

Fee O.H. Smulders*, Kelcie L. Chiquillo, Demian A. Willette, Paul H. Barber, Marjolijn J.A. Christianen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The dioecious seagrass species Halophila stipulacea reproduces mainly through fast clonal growth, underlying its invasive behavior. Here, we provide morphological evidence to show that the first findings of fruits in the Caribbean were misidentified. Consequently, H. stipulacea reproduction is likely still only asexual in the Caribbean. Therefore, we introduce an identification key of H. stipulacea reproductive structures to encourage careful identification and quantification throughout its invasive range. Until large-scale seed production in invaded habitats is reported, the apparent low rate of sexual reproduction needs to be considered in current studies investigating the invasion capacity of this species.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBotanica Marina
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Dichotomous key
  • Exotic macrophyte
  • Halophila stipulacea
  • Invasion potential
  • Sexual reproduction

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Inconclusive evidence of sexual reproduction of invasive Halophila stipulacea: A new field guide to encourage investigation of flower and fruit production throughout its invasive range'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this