Inclusive growth versus pro-poor growth: Implications for tourism development

Martine Bakker*, H.R. Messerli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Inclusive growth and pro-poor growth are terms embraced but not fully understood in the tourism community. This paper discusses the main concepts of inclusive growth and their implication for tourism development across the developing world. Is inclusive growth simply another term for pro-poor in tourism? Discussion of current approaches utilized by the development community and its institutions highlights differences and notes a shift from pro-poor thinking to inclusive growth efforts. Within that context, the authors suggest the need for an improved understanding of the inclusive growth approach in tourism development, particularly for emerging countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-391
JournalTourism and Hospitality Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • development
  • inclusive growth
  • Poverty
  • pro-poor
  • tourism


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