Aims: To assess the independent role of severe hypoglycemia on 7-year cumulative incidence of prolonged QTc in a large cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes. Methods: People with type 1 diabetes recruited by the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study who had normal QTc were examined at baseline and after 7 years with standardized methods (n = 1415; mean age ± SD 32.1 ± 9.6 years; diabetes duration 14.2 ± 8.8 years). Hypoglycemic episodes were assessed by a questionnaire. QTc was calculated according to Bazett’s formula. In logistic regression analysis, we examined the role of severe hypoglycemia (none, 1–2, or 3 and more episodes/year) on the cumulative incidence of prolonged QTc, independently of age, sex, HbA1c, blood pressure, BMI, physical activity, distal symmetrical and autonomic neuropathy. Results: In total, 264/1415 (17%) patients had incident prolonged QTc. Compared to those with persistently normal QTc, a greater proportion of incident cases had 3 and more hypoglycemic episodes at baseline (16.3 vs 11.2%, p = 0.03) and after 7 years (15.2 vs 9.6%, p = 0.01). In logistic regression analysis, 3 or more episodes of severe hypoglycemia at baseline did not increase cumulative incidence of prolonged QTc (OR 1.34, 95% CI 0.88–2.03). By contrast, severe hypoglycemia at the follow-up examination was associated with higher incidence of QTc prolongation (OR 1.68, 1.09–2.58), which reverted to not significant after adjustment for diabetic neuropathy. Conclusions: Severe hypoglycemia was not associated with incidence QTc prolongation in type 1 diabetic patients from the EURODIAB PCS.
Amione, C., Giunti, S., Amione, C., Soedamah-Muthu, S. S., Chaturvedi, N., Fuller, J. H., ... Bruno, G. (2017). Incidence of prolonged QTc and severe hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes: the EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study. Acta Diabetologica, 54(9), 871-876. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00592-017-1018-6