Cross-border trade in livestock is subject to additional, costly routine veterinary measures (RVM) compared with domestic trade, such as veterinary checks of live and slaughter animals, and export certificates. A short-distance transport just across the border requires many additional measures compared with a long-distance domestic animal transport, and the necessity of these additional measures is often questioned. The key objective for veterinary policy makers is to improve the cost-effectiveness of these RVM, without compromising both the economic advantages of cross-border trade and veterinary risks. The aim of this study was to examine possibilities to lower the financial-economic impact of RVM, i.e. to improve their cost-effectiveness. RVM were analysed for the cross-border region of the Netherlands (NL) and Germany (GER) for cross-border trade in the pig, poultry and dairy sectors for the year 2010. Costs were calculated per region and stakeholder, and the impact on risk of contagious livestock diseases was considered. Total costs of RVM for the joint region NL-GER were €22.1 million/year; the additional cross-border measures contributed for 58% (€12.7 million/year). Of this €12.7 million, 66% resulted from trade in slaughter animals, i.e. mainly broilers (GER) and fattening pigs (NL). Costs for trade in live animals mainly resulted from trade in veal calves (GER) and piglets (NL). Main cost items were veterinary checks of animals (twice in case of slaughter animals), export certification and documentary controls. Although for different animal species, both NL and GER have several possibilities to improve the cost-effectiveness of RVM. Especially slaughter animals (dead-end hosts) encounter RVM that might be overdone in preventing contagious livestock diseases, e.g. veterinary checks on both sides of the border. It is therefore concluded that various possibilities exist to improve the cost-effectiveness of RVM which is beneficial for both countries.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE), Maastricht, 20-24 August 2012|
|Place of Publication||Maastricht|
|Publisher||Wageningen Academic Publishers|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|Event||ISVEE13 - Maastricht, Netherlands|
Duration: 20 Aug 2012 → 24 Aug 2012
|Period||20/08/12 → 24/08/12|