Real-time PCR was used for quantitative detection of the potato pathogen, Synchytrium endobioticum, in different substrates: zonal centrifuge extracts, warts and different plant parts of potato. Specific primers and a TaqMan probe, designed from the internal transcribed spacer region of the multi-copy rDNA gene were tested in extracts from artificially and naturally infested soil. Co-amplification of target DNA along with an internal competitor DNA fragment made the diagnostic assay more reliable by guarding against false negative results. A calibrations curve was created by spiking zonal centrifuge fractions of clean soil samples with a dilution series of winter spores. The Taqman assay was also performed on infected potato plant material (stolons) along with the detection of the cytochrome oxidase gene as a potato endogenous control. Sensitivity of the TaqMan assay was improved at least 100-fold and proved to be reliable for accurate diagnosis of the disease.
- wart disease
- resting sporangia
van Gent-Pelzer, M. P. E., Krijger, M. C., & Bonants, P. J. M. (2010). Improved real-time PCR assay for detection of the quarantine potato pathogen, Synchytrium endobioticum, in zonal centrifuge extracts from soil and in plants. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 126(1), 129-133. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-009-9522-3