Improved energy and water management to minimize the environmental impact of dairy farming

J. Upton, Eleonor Murphy, L. Shalloo, M. Murphy, I.J.M. de Boer, P.W.G. Groot Koerkamp

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


We expect an increase in the demand for animal products in the future because of global human population growth (especially in developing countries), growing incomes and increasing urbanisation. The demand for animal products is expected to double by 2050 (Rae, 1998, FAO, 2009), which will create challenges to ensure that milk is produced in an environmentally efficient and sustainable manner. The livestock sector already competes increasingly for scarce resources, such as land, water and fossil energy. Reduced fossil energy use is one way to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from dairy farming (Smith et al., 2008). Furthermore, there is increasing pressure on the dairy industry because of exposure to a globalising market in which the developments in the farm-gate price of milk are insufficient to keep pace with the increasing costs of production associated with rising energy costs (Oenema et al., 2011). Hence, energy reduction strategies are worthy of further investigation as they may contribute to reductions in environmental impacts and dairy farm operating costs. To improve the water use of an agricultural sector, insight into freshwater consumption and associated environmental impacts of individual farms is required. There is increasing Improved energy and water management to minimize the evironmental impact of dairy farming.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAchieving sustainable production of milk
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 2: Safety, quality and sustainability
EditorsNico van Belzen
PublisherBurleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781786760494
ISBN (Print)9781786760487
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2017


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