Impacts of multiple stressors on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: the role of species co-tolerance

R.D. Vinebrooke, K.L. Cottingham, J. Norberg, M. Scheffer, S.I. Dodson, S.C. Maberly, U. Sommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

413 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecosystem resistance to a single stressor relies on tolerant species that can compensate for sensitive competitors and maintain ecosystem processes, such as primary production. We hypothesize that resistance to additional stressors depends increasingly on species tolerances being positively correlated (i.e. positive species co-tolerance). Initial exposure to a stressor combined with positive species co-tolerance should reduce the impacts of other stressors, which we term stress-induced community tolerance. In contrast, negative species co-tolerance is expected to result in additional stressors having pronounced additive or synergistic impacts on biologically impoverished functional groups, which we term stress-induced community sensitivity. Therefore, the sign and strength of the correlation between species sensitivities to multiple stressors must be considered when predicting the impacts of global change on ecosystem functioning as mediated by changes in biodiversity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-457
JournalOikos
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • zooplankton community responses
  • uv-b penetration
  • body-size
  • compensatory dynamics
  • lake
  • acidification
  • predation
  • phytoplankton
  • consequences
  • radiation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impacts of multiple stressors on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: the role of species co-tolerance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this