Impact of vegetation variability on potential predictability and skill of EC-Earth simulations

M. Weiss, B. van den Hurk, R. Haarsma, W. Hazeleger

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate models often use a simplified and static representation of vegetation characteristics to determine fluxes of energy, momentum and water vapour between surface and lower atmosphere. In order to analyse the impact of short term variability in vegetation phenology, we use remotely-sensed leaf area index and albedo products to examine the role of vegetation in the coupled land–atmosphere system. Perfect model experiments are carried out to determine the impact of realistic temporal variability of vegetation on potential predictability of evaporation and temperature, as well as model skill of EC-Earth simulations. The length of the simulation period is hereby limited by the availability of satellite products to 2000–2010. While a realistic representation of vegetation positively influences the simulation of evaporation and its potential predictability, a positive impact on 2 m temperature is of smaller magnitude, regionally confined and more pronounced in climatically extreme years.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2733-2746
JournalClimate Dynamics
Volume39
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Keywords

  • land-surface parameterization
  • leaf-area
  • soil-moisture
  • interannual variability
  • air-temperature
  • climate
  • model
  • sensitivity
  • precipitation
  • system

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