Impact changes of climatic extremes on arable farming in the north of the Netherlands

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agriculture is vulnerable to climate change in multiple ways. Here, we use the northern region of the Netherlands as a case study to explore how risk assessments for climate change impacts on crop production can address multiple vulnerabilities. We present a methodology, which we call agro climate calendar (ACC) that (i) includes potential yield losses, as well as loss of product quality, and (ii) assesses the risks of a variety of climate factors including weather extremes and the emergence and abundance of pests and diseases. Climate factors are defined for two time slices: 1990 (1976–2005) and 2040 (2026–2055); the frequency of occurrence of the factors is compared for the two periods, and the resulting frequency shifts are presented in a crop calendar on a monthly basis. This yields an indication of the magnitude and direction of changes in climatic conditions that can lead to damage by extreme events and pests and diseases. We present results for the two most important crops in the region, seed potato, and winter wheat. The results provide a good overview of risks from climate factors, and the most important threats and opportunities are identified. This semi-quantitative approach is firmly rooted in farm management, which is the level where operational and strategic decisions are made. Thus, the approach is well suited to assist local stakeholders such as farmers and policy makers to explore farm-level adaptation. This work is complementary to previous modeling work that focused mainly on the relation between mean climate change factors (i.e., temperature) and crop yield
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-741
JournalRegional Environmental Change
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • climatic change
  • climate adaptation
  • crop production
  • arable farming
  • risk assessment
  • seed potatoes
  • winter wheat
  • farm management
  • north netherlands
  • winter-wheat
  • potential impacts
  • us agriculture
  • land-use
  • crop
  • potato
  • productivity
  • temperature
  • resistance
  • scenarios

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