Immune signaling: receptor-like proteins make the difference

Wen R.H. Huang, Matthieu H.A.J. Joosten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


To resist biotic attacks, plants have evolved a sophisticated, receptor-based immune system. Cell-surface immune receptors, which are either receptor-like kinases (RLKs) or receptor-like proteins (RLPs), form the front line of the plant defense machinery. RLPs lack a cytoplasmic kinase domain for downstream immune signaling, and leucine-rich repeat (LRR)-containing RLPs constitutively associate with the RLK SOBIR1. The RLP/SOBIR1 complex was proposed to be the bimolecular equivalent of genuine RLKs. However, it appears that the molecular mechanisms by which RLP/SOBIR1 complexes and RLKs mount immunity show some striking differences. Here, we summarize the differences between RLP/SOBIR1 and RLK signaling, focusing on the way these receptors recruit the BAK1 co-receptor and elaborating on the negative crosstalk taking place between the two signaling networks.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Apr 2024


  • cell-surface immune receptors
  • crosstalk
  • immune signaling
  • leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (RLKs)
  • leucine-rich repeat receptor-like proteins (RLPs)
  • SOBIR1


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