Identification of Meloidogyne incognita, M. javanica and M. arenaria using sequence characterised amplified region (SCAR) based PCR assays

C. Zijlstra, T.H.M. Donkers-Venne, M. Fargette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

247 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers, OPA-l2420,OPB-061200 and OPA-OI700. species specific to the root-knot nematode species Meloidogyrie arenaria, M. incogriita and M,ja vanica respectively, were identified. After sequencing these RAPD-PCR products, longer primers of 1s to 23 nucleotides were designed to complement the terminal DNA sequences of the DNA fragments. This resulted in three pairs of species specific primers that were used to amplify the sequence characterised amplified regions (SCARS). The developed sets of SCAR primers were successfully used in straightforward, fast and reliable PCR assays to identify M. iiicognita, M. javariicn and M. aretzarin. The length variant SCAR markers can be amplified from DNA from egg masses, second stage juveniles and females. This species identification technique is therefore independent of the nematode's life cycle stage. Moreover the SCAR-PCR assay was successfully applied using DNA extracts from infested plant material. The method has potential to be optimised for routine practical diagnostic tests facilitating the control of these economically important pest organisms
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-853
JournalNematology
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • root-knot nematodes
  • m-chitwoodi
  • genus meloidogyne
  • major meloidogyne
  • mitochondrial-dna
  • polymorphism
  • populations
  • identify
  • hapla
  • differentiate

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