Identification of fluorpyrogallols as new intermediates in the biotransformation of monofluorphenols in Rh. opacus 1cp

Z.I. Finkelstein, B.P. Baskunov, M.G. Boersma, J. Vervoort, E.L. Golovlev, W.J.H. van Berkel, L.A. Golovleva, I.M.C.M. Rietjens

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The transformation of monofluorophenols by whole cells of Rhodococcus opacus 1cp was investigated, with special emphasis on the nature of hydroxylated intermediates formed. Thin-layer chromatography, mass spectrum analysis, and 19F nuclear magnetic resonance demonstrated the formation of fluorocatechol and trihydroxyfluorobenzene derivatives from each of three monofluorophenols. The 19F chemical shifts and proton-coupled splitting patterns of the fluorine resonances of the trihydroxyfluorobenzene products established that the trihydroxylated aromatic metabolites contained hydroxyl substituents on three adjacent carbon atoms. Thus, formation of 1,2,3-trihydroxy-4-fluorobenzene (4-fluoropyrogallol) from 2-fluorophenol and formation of 1,2,3-trihydroxy-5-fluorobenzene (5-fluoropyrogallol) from 3-fluorophenol and 4-fluorophenol were observed. These results indicate the involvement of fluoropyrogallols as previously unidentified metabolites in the biotransformation of monofluorophenols in R. opacus 1cp.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2148-2153
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Publication statusPublished - 2000


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