The purpose of the investigation was to isolate and identify a specific antigen of Dictyocaulus viviparus that can be used to diagnose lungworm infections in cattle. Somatic, excretion and secretion antigens of adult D. viviparus and somatic antigens of L3 larvae were examined in an indirect enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to determine whether they cross-reacted with sera collected from calves with mono-infections of Fasciola hepatica, Ostertagia ostertagi, Ascaris suum, or Cooperia oncophora. Serum samples containing antibodies directed against F. hepatica, A. suum, and O. ostertagi cross-reacted with somatic antigens of adult D. viviparus; these sera cross-reacted less with excretion and secretion antigens. When somatic antigens of adult D. viviparus were analysed in a Western blot, 1 17-kDa protein that did not react with the heterologous sera was detected. This protein was isolated by ultrafiltration and anion chromatograohy. Sera collected from calves infected with D. viviparus was tested in indirect ELISAs with either somatic antigens of adult D. viviparus or with a low molecular antigen fraction of this preparation containing the 17-kDa protein. The extinction values that were measured in both assays correlated well. We conclude that the 17-kDa protein isolated from somatic antigens of adult D. viviparus may be useful in developing an improved immunoassay to diagnose lungworm infections in cattle.