Identification and genetic mapping of highly polymorphic microsatellite loci from an EST database of the septoria tritici blotch pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola

S.B. Goodwin, T.A.J. van der Lee, J.R. Cavaletto, B. te Lintel Hekkert, C.F. Crane, G.H.J. Kema

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A database of 30,137 EST sequences from Mycosphaerella graminicola, the septoria tritici blotch fungus of wheat, was scanned with a custom software pipeline for di- and trinucleotide units repeated tandemly six or more times. The bioinformatics analysis identified 109 putative SSR loci, and for 99 of them, flanking primers were developed successfully and tested for amplification and polymorphism by PCR on five field isolates of diverse origin, including the parents of the standard M. graminicola mapping population. Seventy-seven of the 99 primer pairs generated an easily scored banding pattern and 51 were polymorphic, with up to four alleles per locus, among the isolates tested. Among these 51 loci, 23 were polymorphic between the parents of the mapping population. Twenty-one of these as well as two previously published microsatellite loci were positioned on the existing genetic linkage map of M. graminicola on 13 of the 24 linkage groups. Most (66%) of the primer pairs also amplified bands in the closely related barley pathogen Septoria passerinii, but only six were polymorphic among four isolates tested. A subset of the primer pairs also revealed polymorphisms when tested with DNA from the related banana black leaf streak (Black Sigatoka) pathogen, M. fijiensis. The EST database provided an excellent source of new, highly polymorphic microsatellite markers that can be multiplexed for high-throughput genetic analyses of M. graminicola and related species
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)398-414
    JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
    Volume44
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • simple sequence repeats
    • magnaporthe-grisea
    • lobaria-pulmonaria
    • ascochyta-rabiei
    • fungal genomes
    • ribosomal dna
    • linkage map
    • markers
    • wheat
    • population

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