Identification and characterization of Pepino mosaic potexvirus in tomato

R.A.A. van der Vlugt, C. Cuperus, J. Vink, I.C.M.M. Stijger, D.E. Lesemann, J.Th.J. Verhoeven, J.W. Roenhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At the beginning of 1999, a new virus disease occurred in protected tomato crops in The Netherlands. Initial diagnostic tests revealed the presence of a potexvirus but serological tests ruled out the presence of Potato X potexvirus (PVX). Tests for other potexviruses reported from solanaceous crops provisionally identified the virus as Pepino mosaic potexvirus (PepMV). The virus was purified, and an antiserum was produced, which showed strong reactions with both the type isolate of PepMV from pepino and two other isolates from tomato. Host range and symptomatology of the pepino and tomato isolates of PepMV revealed clear differences from PVX. However, differences were also observed between the pepino and tomato isolates of PepMV. Sequence alignment of DNA fragments of 584 bp derived from the RNA polymerase cistron showed almost 95% identity with the pepino isolate, whereas the identity with PVX appeared to be < 60%. Together, these results identified PepMV as the causal agent of the new virus disease in tomato. Based on the differences from the type isolate from pepino (Solanum muricatum), the isolates from tomato should be considered as a distinct strain of PepMV for which the name tomato strain is proposed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-508
JournalEPPO Bulletin
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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