Hypocorticism and interrenal hyperplasia are not directly related to masculinization in XXmas(-1)/mas(-1) carp, Cyprinus carpio

N.M. Ruane, J.G.D. Lambert, H.J.Th. Goos, J. Komen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reports on a homozygous XX male strain of common carp (E5), which fail to mount a normal cortisol stress response. Earlier classical genetic analysis had indicated that masculinization of E5 fish was caused by a putative recessive mutation (mas¿1/mas¿1). Hypocorticism in E5 fish was studied to investigate if it was related to masculinization. Head-kidney tissues isolated from E5 fish showed a low cortisol-producing capacity in vitro, and also demonstrated a reduced sensitivity to stimulation with ACTH, when compared with an isogenic XY male carp strain (STD). There was no strain difference in androgen production by head-kidney tissues in vitro. E5 fish exhibited significant hyperplasia of the interrenal tissue (adrenal homologue of teleost fish) located in the head-kidney. Conversion of pregnenolone was significantly lower in E5 head-kidney homogenates, compared to STD homogenates, however, no strain difference was found in the conversion of 17¿-hydroxyprogesterone into cortisol. Gonad homogenates incubated with pregnenolone showed no strain difference in conversion to corticosteroids and androgens. Results indicate that the interrenal hyperplasia and hypocorticism in this strain of carp may be due to a dysfunction of the 17¿-hydroxylase activity of the enzyme P450c17 in the interrenal, but that this defect may not be the primary factor resulting in masculinization of these XX genotypes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-74
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume143
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • congenital adrenal-hyperplasia
  • common carp
  • recessive mutation
  • stress-response
  • rainbow-trout
  • cortisol
  • hormone
  • fish
  • differentiation
  • localization

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