Hydrolytic and Thermal Stability of Organic Monolayers on Various Inorganic Substrates

N.S. Bhairamadgi, S.P. Pujari, F.G. Trovela, A. Debrassi, A.A.M. Khamis, J.M. Alonso Carnicero, A.A. Al Zahrani, T. Wennekes, H.A. Al-Turaif, C.J.M. van Rijn, Y.A. Alhamed, H. Zuilhof

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A comparative study is presented of the hydrolytic and thermal stability of 24 different kinds of monolayers on Si(111), Si(100), SiC, SiN, SiO2, CrN, ITO, PAO, Au, and stainless steel surfaces. These surfaces were modified utilizing appropriate organic compounds having a constant alkyl chain length (C18), but with different surface-reactive groups, such as 1-octadecene, 1-octadecyne, 1-octadecyltrichlorosilane, 1-octadecanethiol, 1-octadecylamine and 1-octadecylphosphonic acid. The hydrolytic stability of obtained monolayers was systematically investigated in triplicate in constantly flowing aqueous media at room temperature in acidic (pH 3), basic (pH 11), phosphate buffer saline (PBS) and deionized water (neutral conditions), for a period of 1 day, 7 days, and 30 days, yielding 1152 data points for the hydrolytic stability. The hydrolytic stability was monitored by static contact angle measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The covalently bound alkyne monolayers on Si(111), Si(100), and SiC were shown to be among the most stable monolayers under acidic and neutral conditions. Additionally, the thermal stability of 14 different monolayers was studied in vacuum using XPS at elevated temperatures (25–600 °C). Similar to the hydrolytic stability, the covalently bound both alkyne and alkene monolayers on Si(111), Si(100) and SiC started to degrade from temperatures above 260 °C, whereas on oxide surfaces (e.g., PAO) phosphonate monolayers even displayed thermal stability up to ~500 °C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5829-5839
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • self-assembled monolayers
  • hydrogen-terminated silicon
  • oxidized si(100) surface
  • alkyl monolayers
  • nitride surfaces
  • aluminum-oxide
  • gold
  • phosphonate
  • films
  • attachment


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