Hydrolysis and biotic transformation in water in the pesticide model: Implementation report

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

The TOXSWA model has been extended with the functionality to simulate hydrolysis and biotic transformation in water. TOXSWA simulates the fate of pesticides in water bodies to calculate exposure calculations for aquatic organisms or sediment-dwelling organisms as part of the aquatic risk assessment of pesticides. Hydrolysis and biotic transformation are modelled as first-order processes, occuring in the water phase only. The hydrolysis transformation rates are considered to be dependent on both pH and temperature. The biotic transformation rate is considered to be temperature-dependent only.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Environmental Research
Number of pages55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Publication series

NameWageningen Environmental Research rapport
No.2848
ISSN (Print)1566-7197

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