Hsp70 vaccination-induced primary immune responses in efferent lymph of the draining lymph node

Manouk Vrieling*, Wiebren Santema, Martin Vordermeier, Victor Rutten, Ad Koets

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bovine paratuberculosis is a highly prevalent chronic infection of the small intestine in cattle, caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). In earlier studies we showed the protective effect of Hsp70/DDA subunit vaccination against paratuberculosis. In the current study we set out to measure primary immune responses generated at the site of Hsp70 vaccination. Lymph vessel cannulation was performed to obtain efferent lymph from the prescapular lymph node draining the neck area where the vaccine was applied. Hsp70 vaccination induced a significant increase of CD21+ B cells in efferent lymph, accounting for up to 40% of efferent cells post-vaccination. Proliferation (Ki67+) within the CD21+ B cell and CD4+ T cell populations peaked between day 3 and day 5 post-vaccination. From day 7, Hsp70-specific antibody secreting cells (ASCs) could be detected in efferent lymph. Hsp70-specific antibodies, mainly of the IgG1 isotype, were also detected from this time point onwards. However, post-vaccination IFN-γ production in efferent lymph was non-sustained. In conclusion, Hsp70-vaccination induces only limited Th1 type immune responsiveness as reflected in efferent lymph draining the vaccination site. This is in line with our previous observations in peripheral blood. The main primary immunological outcome of the Hsp70/DDA subunit vaccination is B cell activation and abundant Hsp70-specific IgG1 production. This warrants the question whether Hsp70-specific antibodies contribute to the observed protective effect of Hsp70 vaccination in calves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4720-4727
Number of pages8
JournalVaccine
Volume31
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hsp70
  • Paratuberculosis
  • Vaccination

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