How to access data availability, accessibility and format for risk analysis?

M.F. Humblet, S. Vandeputte, C. Mignot, C. Bellet, A.A. de Koeijer, M. Swanenburg, A. Afonso, M. Sanaa, C. Saegerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Risk assessments are mostly carried out based on available data, which do not reflect all data theoretically required by experts to answer them. This study aimed at developing a methodology to assess data availability, accessibility and format, based on a scoring system and focusing on two diseases: Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE), still exotic to Europe, and alveolar echinococcosis, caused by Echinococcus multilocularis (EM), endemic in several Member States (MSs). After reviewing 36 opinions of the EFSA-AHAW Panel on risk assessment of animal health questions, a generic list of needed data was elaborated. The methodology consisted, first, in implementing a direct and an indirect survey to collect the data needed for both case studies: the direct survey consisted in a questionnaire sent to contact points of three European MSs (Belgium, France and the Netherlands), and the organization of a workshop gathering experts on both diseases. The indirect survey, focusing on the three MSs involved in the direct survey plus Spain, relied on web searches. Secondly, a scoring system with reference to data availability, accessibility and format was elaborated, to, finally, compare both diseases and data between MSs. The accessibility of data was generally related to their availability. Web searches resulted in more data available for VEE compared to EM, despite its current exotic status in the European Union. Hypertext markup language and portable document files were the main formats of available data. Data availability, accessibility and format should be improved for research scientists/assessors. The format of data plays a key role in the feasibility and rapidness of data management and analysis, through a prompt compilation, combination and aggregation in working databases. Harmonization of data collection process is encouraged, according to standardized procedures, to provide useful and reliable data, both at the national and the international levels for both animal and human health; it would allow assessing data gaps through comparative studies. The present methodology is a good way of assessing the relevance of data for risk assessment, as it allows integrating the uncertainty linked to the quality of data used. Such an approach could be described as transparent and traceable and should be performed systematically.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e173-e186
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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risk analysis
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis
risk assessment
Echinococcus multilocularis
Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitides
echinococcosis
animal and human health
Hypermedia
Belgium
animal health
European Union
Health
Netherlands
questionnaires
uncertainty
France
Spain
methodology
Uncertainty
case studies

Cite this

Humblet, M. F., Vandeputte, S., Mignot, C., Bellet, C., de Koeijer, A. A., Swanenburg, M., ... Saegerman, C. (2016). How to access data availability, accessibility and format for risk analysis? Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 63(6), e173-e186. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12328
Humblet, M.F. ; Vandeputte, S. ; Mignot, C. ; Bellet, C. ; de Koeijer, A.A. ; Swanenburg, M. ; Afonso, A. ; Sanaa, M. ; Saegerman, C. / How to access data availability, accessibility and format for risk analysis?. In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2016 ; Vol. 63, No. 6. pp. e173-e186.
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abstract = "Risk assessments are mostly carried out based on available data, which do not reflect all data theoretically required by experts to answer them. This study aimed at developing a methodology to assess data availability, accessibility and format, based on a scoring system and focusing on two diseases: Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE), still exotic to Europe, and alveolar echinococcosis, caused by Echinococcus multilocularis (EM), endemic in several Member States (MSs). After reviewing 36 opinions of the EFSA-AHAW Panel on risk assessment of animal health questions, a generic list of needed data was elaborated. The methodology consisted, first, in implementing a direct and an indirect survey to collect the data needed for both case studies: the direct survey consisted in a questionnaire sent to contact points of three European MSs (Belgium, France and the Netherlands), and the organization of a workshop gathering experts on both diseases. The indirect survey, focusing on the three MSs involved in the direct survey plus Spain, relied on web searches. Secondly, a scoring system with reference to data availability, accessibility and format was elaborated, to, finally, compare both diseases and data between MSs. The accessibility of data was generally related to their availability. Web searches resulted in more data available for VEE compared to EM, despite its current exotic status in the European Union. Hypertext markup language and portable document files were the main formats of available data. Data availability, accessibility and format should be improved for research scientists/assessors. The format of data plays a key role in the feasibility and rapidness of data management and analysis, through a prompt compilation, combination and aggregation in working databases. Harmonization of data collection process is encouraged, according to standardized procedures, to provide useful and reliable data, both at the national and the international levels for both animal and human health; it would allow assessing data gaps through comparative studies. The present methodology is a good way of assessing the relevance of data for risk assessment, as it allows integrating the uncertainty linked to the quality of data used. Such an approach could be described as transparent and traceable and should be performed systematically.",
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Humblet, MF, Vandeputte, S, Mignot, C, Bellet, C, de Koeijer, AA, Swanenburg, M, Afonso, A, Sanaa, M & Saegerman, C 2016, 'How to access data availability, accessibility and format for risk analysis?', Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. e173-e186. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12328

How to access data availability, accessibility and format for risk analysis? / Humblet, M.F.; Vandeputte, S.; Mignot, C.; Bellet, C.; de Koeijer, A.A.; Swanenburg, M.; Afonso, A.; Sanaa, M.; Saegerman, C.

In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, Vol. 63, No. 6, 2016, p. e173-e186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Humblet, M.F.

AU - Vandeputte, S.

AU - Mignot, C.

AU - Bellet, C.

AU - de Koeijer, A.A.

AU - Swanenburg, M.

AU - Afonso, A.

AU - Sanaa, M.

AU - Saegerman, C.

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AB - Risk assessments are mostly carried out based on available data, which do not reflect all data theoretically required by experts to answer them. This study aimed at developing a methodology to assess data availability, accessibility and format, based on a scoring system and focusing on two diseases: Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE), still exotic to Europe, and alveolar echinococcosis, caused by Echinococcus multilocularis (EM), endemic in several Member States (MSs). After reviewing 36 opinions of the EFSA-AHAW Panel on risk assessment of animal health questions, a generic list of needed data was elaborated. The methodology consisted, first, in implementing a direct and an indirect survey to collect the data needed for both case studies: the direct survey consisted in a questionnaire sent to contact points of three European MSs (Belgium, France and the Netherlands), and the organization of a workshop gathering experts on both diseases. The indirect survey, focusing on the three MSs involved in the direct survey plus Spain, relied on web searches. Secondly, a scoring system with reference to data availability, accessibility and format was elaborated, to, finally, compare both diseases and data between MSs. The accessibility of data was generally related to their availability. Web searches resulted in more data available for VEE compared to EM, despite its current exotic status in the European Union. Hypertext markup language and portable document files were the main formats of available data. Data availability, accessibility and format should be improved for research scientists/assessors. The format of data plays a key role in the feasibility and rapidness of data management and analysis, through a prompt compilation, combination and aggregation in working databases. Harmonization of data collection process is encouraged, according to standardized procedures, to provide useful and reliable data, both at the national and the international levels for both animal and human health; it would allow assessing data gaps through comparative studies. The present methodology is a good way of assessing the relevance of data for risk assessment, as it allows integrating the uncertainty linked to the quality of data used. Such an approach could be described as transparent and traceable and should be performed systematically.

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DO - 10.1111/tbed.12328

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SN - 1865-1674

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