The idea of the rule of rescue is that special weight should be given to protecting lives of assignable individuals in need now even if protecting others in the future would be more cost-effective. How can this be justified? One way to cast the problem is to see it as a conflict between a collectivist approach that emphasizes protecting groups or populations versus an approach that boils down to protecting individuals. This chapter argues that one individual-oriented approach to ethics, namely contractualism, will not succeed in justifying the rule of rescue. A more promising route would instead be to focus on collectivistic values like solidarity. It argues that values like solidarity and community may render support for rescue cases. Yet such arguments are not without problems. Moreover, they have limited relevance to discussions about resource allocation in health care.
|Title of host publication||Identified versus Statistical Lives: An Interdisciplinary Perspective|
|Editors||Glenn Cohen, Norman Daniels, Nir Eyal|
|Place of Publication||New York|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|