How can the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?

A. Tothmihaly, V.J. Ingram

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

Abstract

This study investigates the Indonesian cocoa production to reveal the possibilities for poverty alleviation while considering the threats to environmental sustainability. We estimate, based on a large household panel data set and stochastic frontier analysis, the technical efficiency of cocoa production and decompose productivity growth. According to our results, the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farming increased by 75 percent between 2001 and 2013. Technical efficiency growth and the increased chemicals use supported by government subsidies were responsible for the majority of this gain. Furthermore, we find large distortions in the input allocations. Hence, policies that encourage the adjustment of the cocoa farms’ input use would be highly beneficial. Moreover, because of the weather-induced volatility in cocoa production, policy makers should also promote investment in agricultural research and transfer of drought-resistant cocoa varieties to farmers. Additionally, the average efficiency of cocoa farmers is estimated to be around 50 percent. We find that farmers’ educational attainment and their experience in cocoa farming are significant factors that can increase the efficiency levels.
LanguageEnglish
Place of PublicationGöttingen
PublisherGeorg-August-Universität Göttingen
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

Publication series

NameGlobalFood Discussion Paper Series
No.103
ISSN (Print)2192-3248

Fingerprint

Farm
Productivity
Cocoa
Farmers
Farming
Technical efficiency
Poverty alleviation
Input use
Drought
Stochastic frontier analysis
Panel data
Weather
Household
Educational attainment
Threat
Environmental sustainability
Productivity growth
Agricultural research
Factors
Government subsidies

Cite this

Tothmihaly, A., & Ingram, V. J. (2017). How can the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased? (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series ; No. 103). Göttingen: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.
Tothmihaly, A. ; Ingram, V.J. / How can the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?. Göttingen : Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 2017. (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series ; 103).
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Tothmihaly, A & Ingram, VJ 2017 'How can the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?' GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series , no. 103, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen.

How can the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased? / Tothmihaly, A.; Ingram, V.J.

Göttingen : Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 2017. (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series ; No. 103).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Tothmihaly A, Ingram VJ. How can the productivity of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased? Göttingen: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. 2017 Jul. (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series ; 103).