How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?

A. Tothmihaly, Stephan von Cramer-Taubadel, V.J. Ingram

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We look at the trade-off between smallholder cocoa intensification and the ecosystem in Indonesia and investigate the determinants of environmental efficiency in cocoa production. In our analysis, we apply a distance output function that includes cocoa production and the abundance of native rainforest plants as outputs. Our data set, based on a household and environment survey conducted in 2015, allows us to analyze 208 cocoa producers with both measured and self-reported data. We find that the intensification of cocoa farms results in higher ecosystem degradation. Additionally, the estimations show substantial mean inefficiencies (50 percent). On average, the efficiency scores point to a possible production expansion of 367 kg of cocoa per farm and year, to a possible increase of 43680 rainforest plants per farm, or to a possible acreage reduction of 0.52 hectares per farm. Finally, our results show that agricultural extension services have a substantial role in increasing efficiency.
LanguageEnglish
Place of PublicationGöttingen
PublisherGeorg-August-Universität Göttingen
Number of pages30
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameGlobalFood Discussion Paper Series
No.101
ISSN (Print)2192-3248

Fingerprint

cocoa
farm
rainforest
agricultural extension
smallholder
trade-off
ecosystem

Cite this

Tothmihaly, A., von Cramer-Taubadel, S., & Ingram, V. J. (2017). How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased? (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series; No. 101). Göttingen: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.
Tothmihaly, A. ; von Cramer-Taubadel, Stephan ; Ingram, V.J. / How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?. Göttingen : Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 2017. (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series; 101).
@techreport{8664604ed16a44358ceee8383aa6f647,
title = "How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?",
abstract = "We look at the trade-off between smallholder cocoa intensification and the ecosystem in Indonesia and investigate the determinants of environmental efficiency in cocoa production. In our analysis, we apply a distance output function that includes cocoa production and the abundance of native rainforest plants as outputs. Our data set, based on a household and environment survey conducted in 2015, allows us to analyze 208 cocoa producers with both measured and self-reported data. We find that the intensification of cocoa farms results in higher ecosystem degradation. Additionally, the estimations show substantial mean inefficiencies (50 percent). On average, the efficiency scores point to a possible production expansion of 367 kg of cocoa per farm and year, to a possible increase of 43680 rainforest plants per farm, or to a possible acreage reduction of 0.52 hectares per farm. Finally, our results show that agricultural extension services have a substantial role in increasing efficiency.",
author = "A. Tothmihaly and {von Cramer-Taubadel}, Stephan and V.J. Ingram",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
series = "GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series",
publisher = "Georg-August-Universit{\"a}t G{\"o}ttingen",
number = "101",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Georg-August-Universit{\"a}t G{\"o}ttingen",

}

Tothmihaly, A, von Cramer-Taubadel, S & Ingram, VJ 2017 'How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?' GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series, no. 101, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen.

How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased? / Tothmihaly, A.; von Cramer-Taubadel, Stephan; Ingram, V.J.

Göttingen : Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 2017. (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series; No. 101).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

TY - UNPB

T1 - How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?

AU - Tothmihaly, A.

AU - von Cramer-Taubadel, Stephan

AU - Ingram, V.J.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - We look at the trade-off between smallholder cocoa intensification and the ecosystem in Indonesia and investigate the determinants of environmental efficiency in cocoa production. In our analysis, we apply a distance output function that includes cocoa production and the abundance of native rainforest plants as outputs. Our data set, based on a household and environment survey conducted in 2015, allows us to analyze 208 cocoa producers with both measured and self-reported data. We find that the intensification of cocoa farms results in higher ecosystem degradation. Additionally, the estimations show substantial mean inefficiencies (50 percent). On average, the efficiency scores point to a possible production expansion of 367 kg of cocoa per farm and year, to a possible increase of 43680 rainforest plants per farm, or to a possible acreage reduction of 0.52 hectares per farm. Finally, our results show that agricultural extension services have a substantial role in increasing efficiency.

AB - We look at the trade-off between smallholder cocoa intensification and the ecosystem in Indonesia and investigate the determinants of environmental efficiency in cocoa production. In our analysis, we apply a distance output function that includes cocoa production and the abundance of native rainforest plants as outputs. Our data set, based on a household and environment survey conducted in 2015, allows us to analyze 208 cocoa producers with both measured and self-reported data. We find that the intensification of cocoa farms results in higher ecosystem degradation. Additionally, the estimations show substantial mean inefficiencies (50 percent). On average, the efficiency scores point to a possible production expansion of 367 kg of cocoa per farm and year, to a possible increase of 43680 rainforest plants per farm, or to a possible acreage reduction of 0.52 hectares per farm. Finally, our results show that agricultural extension services have a substantial role in increasing efficiency.

M3 - Discussion paper

T3 - GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series

BT - How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased?

PB - Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

CY - Göttingen

ER -

Tothmihaly A, von Cramer-Taubadel S, Ingram VJ. How can the environmental efficiency of Indonesian cocoa farms be increased? Göttingen: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. 2017. (GlobalFood Discussion Paper Series; 101).