Household-level effects of China’s Sloping Land Conversion Program under price and policy shifts

A.M. Komarek, Shi Xiaoping, N.B.M. Heerink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined how agricultural households involved in China's Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP) could respond to expected changes in environmental and livestock policies and changing commodity prices. We calibrated a farm household model using 2009 survey data collected in northeast Gansu Province, China, and examined the responses of four different household groups. Household groups were distinguished based on the resources they possessed for either cropping, livestock husbandry or off-farm employment. We also calculated the opportunity cost of converting sloping land from grain crop production to perennial grass production and included the net value of the replacement crop in these calculations. Our model simulations indicated that subsistence-oriented households were most likely to participate in the SLCP, and that SLCP payment reductions could have large negative income effects for this group. Reductions in SLCP payments increased income inequality among households in the study area. Migration- and cropping-oriented households have fewer incentives to participate in the SLCP. With rising commodity prices, SLCP payments need to rise to avoid that subsistence-oriented households reconvert their land from perennial grasses to annual grain crops. Local government policies related to livestock production are being devised in Gansu as a method to lift incomes, and these policies could also have positive environmental benefits by increasing grass production on sloping land. The introduction of these livestock promotion policies had modest income effects but did not alter the area grown with grasses under the SLCP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-44
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

topographic slope
land use change
households
China
income
grasses
commodity prices
grass
income effect
livestock
commodity price
grain crops
subsistence
cereal
agricultural product
commodity
cropping practice
farm
off-farm employment
household

Keywords

  • conservation set-aside
  • western china
  • ecosystem services
  • green program
  • grain
  • impact
  • agriculture
  • livelihoods
  • payments
  • food

Cite this

@article{7f8c5af080324d58acaa9eb167cd79dc,
title = "Household-level effects of China’s Sloping Land Conversion Program under price and policy shifts",
abstract = "This study examined how agricultural households involved in China's Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP) could respond to expected changes in environmental and livestock policies and changing commodity prices. We calibrated a farm household model using 2009 survey data collected in northeast Gansu Province, China, and examined the responses of four different household groups. Household groups were distinguished based on the resources they possessed for either cropping, livestock husbandry or off-farm employment. We also calculated the opportunity cost of converting sloping land from grain crop production to perennial grass production and included the net value of the replacement crop in these calculations. Our model simulations indicated that subsistence-oriented households were most likely to participate in the SLCP, and that SLCP payment reductions could have large negative income effects for this group. Reductions in SLCP payments increased income inequality among households in the study area. Migration- and cropping-oriented households have fewer incentives to participate in the SLCP. With rising commodity prices, SLCP payments need to rise to avoid that subsistence-oriented households reconvert their land from perennial grasses to annual grain crops. Local government policies related to livestock production are being devised in Gansu as a method to lift incomes, and these policies could also have positive environmental benefits by increasing grass production on sloping land. The introduction of these livestock promotion policies had modest income effects but did not alter the area grown with grasses under the SLCP.",
keywords = "conservation set-aside, western china, ecosystem services, green program, grain, impact, agriculture, livelihoods, payments, food",
author = "A.M. Komarek and {Shi Xiaoping} and N.B.M. Heerink",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.04.013",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "36--44",
journal = "Land Use Policy",
issn = "0264-8377",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Household-level effects of China’s Sloping Land Conversion Program under price and policy shifts. / Komarek, A.M.; Shi Xiaoping, ; Heerink, N.B.M.

In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 40, 2014, p. 36-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Household-level effects of China’s Sloping Land Conversion Program under price and policy shifts

AU - Komarek, A.M.

AU - Shi Xiaoping, null

AU - Heerink, N.B.M.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This study examined how agricultural households involved in China's Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP) could respond to expected changes in environmental and livestock policies and changing commodity prices. We calibrated a farm household model using 2009 survey data collected in northeast Gansu Province, China, and examined the responses of four different household groups. Household groups were distinguished based on the resources they possessed for either cropping, livestock husbandry or off-farm employment. We also calculated the opportunity cost of converting sloping land from grain crop production to perennial grass production and included the net value of the replacement crop in these calculations. Our model simulations indicated that subsistence-oriented households were most likely to participate in the SLCP, and that SLCP payment reductions could have large negative income effects for this group. Reductions in SLCP payments increased income inequality among households in the study area. Migration- and cropping-oriented households have fewer incentives to participate in the SLCP. With rising commodity prices, SLCP payments need to rise to avoid that subsistence-oriented households reconvert their land from perennial grasses to annual grain crops. Local government policies related to livestock production are being devised in Gansu as a method to lift incomes, and these policies could also have positive environmental benefits by increasing grass production on sloping land. The introduction of these livestock promotion policies had modest income effects but did not alter the area grown with grasses under the SLCP.

AB - This study examined how agricultural households involved in China's Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP) could respond to expected changes in environmental and livestock policies and changing commodity prices. We calibrated a farm household model using 2009 survey data collected in northeast Gansu Province, China, and examined the responses of four different household groups. Household groups were distinguished based on the resources they possessed for either cropping, livestock husbandry or off-farm employment. We also calculated the opportunity cost of converting sloping land from grain crop production to perennial grass production and included the net value of the replacement crop in these calculations. Our model simulations indicated that subsistence-oriented households were most likely to participate in the SLCP, and that SLCP payment reductions could have large negative income effects for this group. Reductions in SLCP payments increased income inequality among households in the study area. Migration- and cropping-oriented households have fewer incentives to participate in the SLCP. With rising commodity prices, SLCP payments need to rise to avoid that subsistence-oriented households reconvert their land from perennial grasses to annual grain crops. Local government policies related to livestock production are being devised in Gansu as a method to lift incomes, and these policies could also have positive environmental benefits by increasing grass production on sloping land. The introduction of these livestock promotion policies had modest income effects but did not alter the area grown with grasses under the SLCP.

KW - conservation set-aside

KW - western china

KW - ecosystem services

KW - green program

KW - grain

KW - impact

KW - agriculture

KW - livelihoods

KW - payments

KW - food

U2 - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.04.013

DO - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.04.013

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 36

EP - 44

JO - Land Use Policy

JF - Land Use Policy

SN - 0264-8377

ER -