Ferulic acid (FA) is an abundantly present phenolic constituent of plant cell walls. Kinetically controlled incubation of FA and the tripeptide Gly-Tyr-Gly (GYG) with horseradish peroxidase and H2O2 yielded a range of new cross-linked products. Two predominant series of hetero-oligomers of FA linked by dehydrogenation to the peptidyl tyrosine were characterized by electrospray ionization (tandem) mass spectrometry. One series comprises GYG coupled with 4-7 FA moieties linked by dehydrogenation, of which one is decarboxylated. In the second series 4-9 FA moieties linked by dehydrogenation, of which two are decarboxylated, are coupled to the tripeptide. A third series comprises three hetero-oligomers in which the peptidyl tyrosine is linked to 1-3 FA moieties of which none is decarboxylated. Two mechanisms for the formation of the FA-Tyr oligomers that result from the dualistic, concentration-dependent chemistry of FA and their possible role in the regulation of plant cell wall tissue growth are presented.
Oudgenoeg, G., Dirksen, E., Ingemann, S., Hilhorst, R., Gruppen, H., Boeriu, C. G., Piersma, S. R., van Berkel, W. J. H., Laane, C., & Voragen, A. G. J. (2002). Horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oligomerization of ferulic acid on a template of a tyrosine-containing tripeptide. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277(24), 21332-21340. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M201679200