Hormones and β-Agonists

L.A. van Ginkel, T.F.H. Bovee, M.H. Blokland, S.S. Sterk, N.G.E. Smits, Jelka Pleadin, Ana Vulić

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


    This chapter provides some updated information on contemporary methods for hormone and β-agonist analyses. It deals with the classical approaches for the effective detection and identification of exogenous hormones. The chapter examines specific problems related to control strategies for natural hormones. These include both the traditional and generally recognized natural hormones as well as a series of androgenic steroids that can be present in biological samples obtained from a series of species. The fact that natural background concentrations can be present strongly complicates the analyses. The application of mass spectrometry (MS) in combination with gas chromatography (GC) or liquid chromatography (LC) is considered the "gold standard" for analytical methods in residue analysis. The chapter presents an overview of the available bio-based screening methods for the detection of hormones and ß-agonists, focusing on estrogens, androgens, progestogens, corticosteroids, thyroids, ß2-agonists, and growth hormones (GH).
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationChemical Analysis of Non-antimicrobial Veterinary Drug Residues in Food
    EditorsJack F. Kay, James D. MacNeil, Jian Wang
    ISBN (Electronic)9781118696781
    ISBN (Print)9781118695074
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


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