Marker assisted plant breeding is a powerful technique for targeted crop improvement in horticulture and agriculture. It depends upon the correlation of desirable phenotypic characteristics with specific genetic markers. This can be determined by statistical models that relate the variation in the value of genetic markers to variation in phenotypic traits. It therefore depends upon the convergence of three technologies; the creation of genetically characterised (and thus marked) populations, high throughput screening procedures, and statistical procedures. While a large number of high throughput screening technologies are available, real-time screening techniques are usually based on some kind of imaging technologies, such as chlorophyll fluorescence imaging, that offers physiological data that are eminently suitable as a quantitative trait for genetic mapping.
- quantitative trait loci
- genome-wide association