Heritability estimates and response to selection for growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus ) in low-input earthen ponds

H. Charo-Karisa, J. Komen, M.A. Rezk, R.W. Ponzoni, J.A.M. van Arendonk, H. Bovenhuis

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79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study presents results of two generations of selection (G1 and G2) for growth of Nile tilapia. The selection environment consisted of earthen ponds which were fertilized daily with 50 kg dry matter (dm)/ha chicken manure. No supplementary feeds were provided. In total, 6429 fully pedigreed experimental fish were included in the analysis. Survival till harvest was highly variable ranging from 35% to 77% and was affected by initial weight, pond, and age effects. Body weight at harvest (BW) increased from a mean of 67.4 g in the grandparental (unselected) population (G0) to 129.5 g in G2 was affected by initial weight, pond, sex and age effects. Generations were discrete and therefore genetic parameters were estimated separately for each year. Heritability estimates for BW ranged from 0.38 to 0.60, and the heritability for survival ranged from 0.03 to 0.14. The estimated selection response was 23.4 g (34.7%) between G0 and G1 and 13.0 g (14.9%) between G1 and G2. These results demonstrate the feasibility of selection for growth of Nile tilapia in low-input environments
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-486
Number of pages8
JournalAquaculture
Volume261
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • genetic-improvement
  • farmed tilapias
  • mass selection
  • fertilized ponds
  • atlantic salmon
  • rainbow-trout
  • body-weight
  • 8 strains
  • fish
  • survival

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