Hepcidin is the major predictor of erythrocyte iron incorporation in anemic African children

A.M. Prentice, C.P. Doherty, S.A. Abrams, S.E. Cox, S.H. Atkinson, J.C.M. Verhoef, A.E. Armitage, H. Drakesmith

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111 Citations (Scopus)


Iron supplementation strategies in the developing world remain controversial because of fears of exacerbating prevalent infectious diseases. Understanding the conditions in which iron will be absorbed and incorporated into erythrocytes is therefore important. We studied Gambian children with either postmalarial or nonmalarial anemia, who were given oral iron supplements daily for 30 days. Supplements administered on days 1 and 15 contained the stable iron isotopes 57Fe and 58Fe, respectively, and erythrocyte incorporation was measured in blood samples drawn 14 days later. We investigated how the iron-regulatory hormone hepcidin and other inflammatory/iron-related indices, all measured on the day of isotope administration, correlated with erythrocyte iron incorporation. In univariate analyses, hepcidin, ferritin, C-reactive protein, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) strongly predicted incorporation of 57Fe given on day 1, while hepcidin, ferritin, and sTfR/log ferritin correlated with 58Fe incorporation. In a final multivariate model, the most consistent predictor of erythrocyte isotope incorporation was hepcidin. We conclude that under conditions of competing signals (anemia, iron deficiency, and infection), hepcidin powerfully controls use of dietary iron. We suggest that low-cost point-of-care hepcidin assays would aid iron supplementation programs in the developing world.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1922-1928
JournalBlood : journal of the American Society of Hematology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • serum hepcidin
  • plasmodium-falciparum
  • malarial anemia
  • absorption
  • infection
  • inflammation
  • deficiency
  • metabolism
  • erythropoiesis
  • hypoferremia

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