The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a group of transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Since most target genes of PPARs are implicated in lipid and glucose metabolism, regulation by PPARs could be used as a screening tool to identify novel genes involved in lipid or glucose metabolism. Here, we identify Adtrp, a serine hydrolase enzyme that was reported to catalyze the hydrolysis of fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs), as a novel PPAR-regulated gene. Adtrp was significantly upregulated by PPARa activation in mouse primary hepatocytes, liver slices, and whole liver. In addition, Adtrp was upregulated by PPARc activation in 3L3-L1 adipocytes and in white adipose tissue. ChIP-SEQ identified a strong PPAR-binding site in the immediate upstream promoter of the Adtrp gene. Adenoviral-mediated hepatic overexpression of Adtrp in diet-induced obese mice caused a modest increase in plasma nonesterified fatty acids but did not influence diet-induced obesity, liver triglyceride levels, liver lipidomic profiles, liver transcriptomic profiles, plasma cholesterol, triglyceride, glycerol, and glucose levels. Moreover, hepatic Adtrp overexpression did not lead to significant changes in FAHFA levels in plasma or liver and did not influence glucose and insulin tolerance. Finally, hepatic overexpression of Adtrp did not influence liver triglycerides and levels of plasma metabolites after a 24-h fast. Taken together, our data suggest that despite being a PPAR-regulated gene, hepatic Adtrp does not seem to play a major role in lipid and glucose metabolism and does not regulate FAHFA levels.