Health risk assessment of arsenic and some heavy metals in the edible crab (Portunus trituberculatus) collected from Hangzhou Bay, China

Cong Bao, Qiang Cai, Xuanyu Ying, Yin Zhu, Yinjie Ding, Tinka A.J. Murk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In 2018, 108 swimming crabs (P. trituberculatus) were collected from the local market in Zhoushan. Each crab was separated into huang (the edible lipid portion) and meat groups and prepared according to different cooking methods. In most uncooked samples the levels of seven trace metals; mercury, cadmium, lead, zinc, copper, chromium and arsenic were higher in huang than in meat. Cadmium and total arsenic concentrations exceeded the maximum safe residue levels for China. Risk assessments revealed that only the cadmium levels in huang samples posed a toxicological risk to consumers, and uncooked huang were of carcinogenic concern. Cooking methods eliminated the carcinogenic risk and reduced the toxicological risk in huang by approximately 20%. These results show that the seven trace metals identified in P. trituberculatus from Hangzhou bay do not pose a safety concern for consumption of the meat or of the complete crab, after conventional cooking.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113007
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Benthic Sea food
  • Cooking process
  • Heavy metals
  • Risk assessment

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