Hazardous Chemicals in Plastics in Marine Environments

International Pellet Watch

Rei Yamashita, Kosuke Tanaka, Bee Geok Yeo, Hideshige Takada*, Jan A. van Franeker, Megan Dalton, Eric Dale

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Marine plastic debris, including microplastics <5 mm, contain additives as well as hydrophobic chemicals sorbed from surrounding seawater. A volunteer-based global monitoring programme entitled International Pellet Watch (IPW) is utilizing the sorptive nature of plastics, more specifically of beached polyethylene (PE) pellets, in order to measure persistent organic pollutants (POPs) throughout the world. Spatial patterns of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides have been revealed. Original data of IPW show large piece-to-piece variability in PCB concentrations in pellets collected at each location. This is explained by the combination of slow sorption/desorption and large variabilities of speed and route of floating plastics. The sporadically high concentrations of POPs, both sorbed chemicals and hydrophobic additives, are frequently observed in pellets and the other microplastics in open ocean and remote islands. This poses a chemical threat to marine ecosystems in remote areas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages163-183
ISBN (Electronic)9783319955681
ISBN (Print)9783319955667
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameHandbook of Environmental Chemistry
Volume78
ISSN (Print)1867-979X

Fingerprint

Hazardous Substances
Watches
marine environment
Organic pollutants
plastic
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Plastics
Polychlorinated biphenyls
PCB
Aquatic ecosystems
Polyethylene
Pesticides
Seawater
open ocean
marine ecosystem
Debris
Sorption
Polyethylenes
Desorption
desorption

Keywords

  • Additives
  • Equilibrium
  • Open ocean
  • Pellets
  • Sorption

Cite this

Yamashita, R., Tanaka, K., Yeo, B. G., Takada, H., van Franeker, J. A., Dalton, M., & Dale, E. (2019). Hazardous Chemicals in Plastics in Marine Environments: International Pellet Watch. In Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment (pp. 163-183). (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry; Vol. 78). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2018_299
Yamashita, Rei ; Tanaka, Kosuke ; Yeo, Bee Geok ; Takada, Hideshige ; van Franeker, Jan A. ; Dalton, Megan ; Dale, Eric. / Hazardous Chemicals in Plastics in Marine Environments : International Pellet Watch. Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment. Springer Verlag, 2019. pp. 163-183 (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry).
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abstract = "Marine plastic debris, including microplastics <5{\^A} mm, contain additives as well as hydrophobic chemicals sorbed from surrounding seawater. A volunteer-based global monitoring programme entitled International Pellet Watch (IPW) is utilizing the sorptive nature of plastics, more specifically of beached polyethylene (PE) pellets, in order to measure persistent organic pollutants (POPs) throughout the world. Spatial patterns of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides have been revealed. Original data of IPW show large piece-to-piece variability in PCB concentrations in pellets collected at each location. This is explained by the combination of slow sorption/desorption and large variabilities of speed and route of floating plastics. The sporadically high concentrations of POPs, both sorbed chemicals and hydrophobic additives, are frequently observed in pellets and the other microplastics in open ocean and remote islands. This poses a chemical threat to marine ecosystems in remote areas.",
keywords = "Additives, Equilibrium, Open ocean, Pellets, Sorption",
author = "Rei Yamashita and Kosuke Tanaka and Yeo, {Bee Geok} and Hideshige Takada and {van Franeker}, {Jan A.} and Megan Dalton and Eric Dale",
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Yamashita, R, Tanaka, K, Yeo, BG, Takada, H, van Franeker, JA, Dalton, M & Dale, E 2019, Hazardous Chemicals in Plastics in Marine Environments: International Pellet Watch. in Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment. Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 78, Springer Verlag, pp. 163-183. https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2018_299

Hazardous Chemicals in Plastics in Marine Environments : International Pellet Watch. / Yamashita, Rei; Tanaka, Kosuke; Yeo, Bee Geok; Takada, Hideshige; van Franeker, Jan A.; Dalton, Megan; Dale, Eric.

Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment. Springer Verlag, 2019. p. 163-183 (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry; Vol. 78).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Hazardous Chemicals in Plastics in Marine Environments

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AU - Yamashita, Rei

AU - Tanaka, Kosuke

AU - Yeo, Bee Geok

AU - Takada, Hideshige

AU - van Franeker, Jan A.

AU - Dalton, Megan

AU - Dale, Eric

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Marine plastic debris, including microplastics <5 mm, contain additives as well as hydrophobic chemicals sorbed from surrounding seawater. A volunteer-based global monitoring programme entitled International Pellet Watch (IPW) is utilizing the sorptive nature of plastics, more specifically of beached polyethylene (PE) pellets, in order to measure persistent organic pollutants (POPs) throughout the world. Spatial patterns of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides have been revealed. Original data of IPW show large piece-to-piece variability in PCB concentrations in pellets collected at each location. This is explained by the combination of slow sorption/desorption and large variabilities of speed and route of floating plastics. The sporadically high concentrations of POPs, both sorbed chemicals and hydrophobic additives, are frequently observed in pellets and the other microplastics in open ocean and remote islands. This poses a chemical threat to marine ecosystems in remote areas.

AB - Marine plastic debris, including microplastics <5 mm, contain additives as well as hydrophobic chemicals sorbed from surrounding seawater. A volunteer-based global monitoring programme entitled International Pellet Watch (IPW) is utilizing the sorptive nature of plastics, more specifically of beached polyethylene (PE) pellets, in order to measure persistent organic pollutants (POPs) throughout the world. Spatial patterns of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides have been revealed. Original data of IPW show large piece-to-piece variability in PCB concentrations in pellets collected at each location. This is explained by the combination of slow sorption/desorption and large variabilities of speed and route of floating plastics. The sporadically high concentrations of POPs, both sorbed chemicals and hydrophobic additives, are frequently observed in pellets and the other microplastics in open ocean and remote islands. This poses a chemical threat to marine ecosystems in remote areas.

KW - Additives

KW - Equilibrium

KW - Open ocean

KW - Pellets

KW - Sorption

U2 - 10.1007/698_2018_299

DO - 10.1007/698_2018_299

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783319955667

T3 - Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

SP - 163

EP - 183

BT - Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment

PB - Springer Verlag

ER -

Yamashita R, Tanaka K, Yeo BG, Takada H, van Franeker JA, Dalton M et al. Hazardous Chemicals in Plastics in Marine Environments: International Pellet Watch. In Hazardous Chemicals Associated with Plastics in the Marine Environment. Springer Verlag. 2019. p. 163-183. (Handbook of Environmental Chemistry). https://doi.org/10.1007/698_2018_299