Harare: Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe

Davison Muchadenyika, Molin K. Chakamba, Patience Mguni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter explores the interface between informality and national politics in Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe. We argue that urban land is used by opposing political parties as a currency with which to buy political loyalty from citizens and this spurs informality in the city, in a context of democratic deficit. The government of Zimbabwe has used its power to regularize informal settlements accommodating predominantly supporters of the ruling party, the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF), thus bypassing the opposition-led council of the City of Harare. Regularization is a strategy to reward those active in politics and also loyal to the ruling party. Simultaneously, this process plays a vital role in allowing citizens to occupy land and set foot in the city. Whilst the use (and abuse) of space in Harare is political and largely determined by the interests of the ruling party, social movements and housing cooperatives also play into these dynamics, carving out socio-political spaces for the urban poor to navigate the hitherto rigidly controlled housing development arena. As a result, there are signs of changing attitudes towards slum upgrading and legalization in Harare.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization
EditorsRoberto Rocco, Jan van Ballegooijen
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Chapter12
Pages124-134
ISBN (Electronic)9781315645544
ISBN (Print)9781138183889
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Zimbabwe
citizenship
housing
citizen
national politics
legalization
housing development
Lead
capital city
slum
loyalty
Social Movements
currency
reward
deficit
opposition
abuse
politics
Citizenship
Informality

Cite this

Muchadenyika, D., Chakamba, M. K., & Mguni, P. (2018). Harare: Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe. In R. Rocco, & J. van Ballegooijen (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization (pp. 124-134). New York: Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315645544-12
Muchadenyika, Davison ; Chakamba, Molin K. ; Mguni, Patience. / Harare : Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe. The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization. editor / Roberto Rocco ; Jan van Ballegooijen. New York : Taylor and Francis, 2018. pp. 124-134
@inbook{7f78698df41c47619ca504ed5eb215d9,
title = "Harare: Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe",
abstract = "This chapter explores the interface between informality and national politics in Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe. We argue that urban land is used by opposing political parties as a currency with which to buy political loyalty from citizens and this spurs informality in the city, in a context of democratic deficit. The government of Zimbabwe has used its power to regularize informal settlements accommodating predominantly supporters of the ruling party, the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF), thus bypassing the opposition-led council of the City of Harare. Regularization is a strategy to reward those active in politics and also loyal to the ruling party. Simultaneously, this process plays a vital role in allowing citizens to occupy land and set foot in the city. Whilst the use (and abuse) of space in Harare is political and largely determined by the interests of the ruling party, social movements and housing cooperatives also play into these dynamics, carving out socio-political spaces for the urban poor to navigate the hitherto rigidly controlled housing development arena. As a result, there are signs of changing attitudes towards slum upgrading and legalization in Harare.",
author = "Davison Muchadenyika and Chakamba, {Molin K.} and Patience Mguni",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "21",
doi = "10.4324/9781315645544-12",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781138183889",
pages = "124--134",
editor = "Roberto Rocco and {van Ballegooijen}, Jan",
booktitle = "The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis",

}

Muchadenyika, D, Chakamba, MK & Mguni, P 2018, Harare: Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe. in R Rocco & J van Ballegooijen (eds), The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization. Taylor and Francis, New York, pp. 124-134. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315645544-12

Harare : Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe. / Muchadenyika, Davison; Chakamba, Molin K.; Mguni, Patience.

The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization. ed. / Roberto Rocco; Jan van Ballegooijen. New York : Taylor and Francis, 2018. p. 124-134.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Harare

T2 - Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe

AU - Muchadenyika, Davison

AU - Chakamba, Molin K.

AU - Mguni, Patience

PY - 2018/12/21

Y1 - 2018/12/21

N2 - This chapter explores the interface between informality and national politics in Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe. We argue that urban land is used by opposing political parties as a currency with which to buy political loyalty from citizens and this spurs informality in the city, in a context of democratic deficit. The government of Zimbabwe has used its power to regularize informal settlements accommodating predominantly supporters of the ruling party, the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF), thus bypassing the opposition-led council of the City of Harare. Regularization is a strategy to reward those active in politics and also loyal to the ruling party. Simultaneously, this process plays a vital role in allowing citizens to occupy land and set foot in the city. Whilst the use (and abuse) of space in Harare is political and largely determined by the interests of the ruling party, social movements and housing cooperatives also play into these dynamics, carving out socio-political spaces for the urban poor to navigate the hitherto rigidly controlled housing development arena. As a result, there are signs of changing attitudes towards slum upgrading and legalization in Harare.

AB - This chapter explores the interface between informality and national politics in Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe. We argue that urban land is used by opposing political parties as a currency with which to buy political loyalty from citizens and this spurs informality in the city, in a context of democratic deficit. The government of Zimbabwe has used its power to regularize informal settlements accommodating predominantly supporters of the ruling party, the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF), thus bypassing the opposition-led council of the City of Harare. Regularization is a strategy to reward those active in politics and also loyal to the ruling party. Simultaneously, this process plays a vital role in allowing citizens to occupy land and set foot in the city. Whilst the use (and abuse) of space in Harare is political and largely determined by the interests of the ruling party, social movements and housing cooperatives also play into these dynamics, carving out socio-political spaces for the urban poor to navigate the hitherto rigidly controlled housing development arena. As a result, there are signs of changing attitudes towards slum upgrading and legalization in Harare.

U2 - 10.4324/9781315645544-12

DO - 10.4324/9781315645544-12

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781138183889

SP - 124

EP - 134

BT - The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization

A2 - Rocco, Roberto

A2 - van Ballegooijen, Jan

PB - Taylor and Francis

CY - New York

ER -

Muchadenyika D, Chakamba MK, Mguni P. Harare: Informality and urban citizenship - housing struggles in Harare, Zimbabwe. In Rocco R, van Ballegooijen J, editors, The Routledge Handbook on Informal Urbanization. New York: Taylor and Francis. 2018. p. 124-134 https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315645544-12