White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has been a major cause of shrimp mortality in aquaculture worldwide in the past decades. In this study, WSSV infection (by immersion) and behaviour recruitment of haemocytes is investigated in gills and midgut, using an antiserum against the viral protein VP28 and a monoclonal antibody recognising haemocytes (WSH8) in a double immunohistochemical staining and in addition transmission electron microscopy was applied. More WSH 8+ haemocytes were detected at 48 and 72 h post-infection in the gills of infected shrimp compared to uninfected animals. Haemocytes in the gills and midgut were not associated with VP28-immunoreactivity. In the gills many other cells showed virus replication in their nuclei, while infected nuclei in the gut cells were rare. Nevertheless, the epithelial cells in the midgut showed a clear uptake of VP28 and accumulation in supranuclear vacuoles (SNV) at 8 h post-infection. However, epithelial nuclei were never VP28-immunoreactive and electron microscopy study suggests degradation of viral-like particles in the SNV. In contrast to the gills, the midgut connective tissue shows a clear increase in degranulation of haemocytes, resulting in the appearance of WSH8-immunoreactive thread-like material at 48 and 72 h post-infection. These results indicate recruitment of haemocytes upon immersion infection in the gills and degranulation of haemocytes in less infected organs, like the midgut.
- spot syndrome virus
- baculovirus wsbv