Gut Microbiota-Targeted Nutritional Interventions Improving Child Growth in Low- A nd Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review

Lise A.J. Heuven, Simone Pyle, Arno Greyling, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Ans Eilander*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this systematic literature review was to evaluate the efficacy of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic interventions compared with control on improving growth outcomes of children living in low- A nd middle-income countries (LMICs). Probiotics had a beneficial effect on ≥1 of the growth outcomes in 5 out of the 11 included studies. Of these, 3 studies were conducted in undernourished children, 1 in healthy children, and 1 in children without a described health status. No effect of prebiotics on growth outcomes was seen in the 4 included studies. Synbiotics had a beneficial effect on growth outcomes in 3 out of 4 studies. Although a limited number of studies with high heterogeneity indicate that probiotics and synbiotics may have the potential to improve the growth of both undernourished and healthy children living in LMICs, more research is needed to confirm the observed effects. This review was registered at www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/as CRD42020212998.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbernzab124
JournalCurrent Developments in Nutrition
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • child
  • growth
  • LMICs
  • nutrition
  • prebiotics
  • probiotics
  • synbiotics

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