Group separation of organohalogenated compounds by means of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

P. Korytar, P.E.G. Leonards, J. de Boer, U.A.Th. Brinkman

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    69 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Separations of 12 compound classes, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), diphenyl ethers (PCDEs), naphthalenes (PCNs), dibenzothiophenes (PCDTs), dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs), terphenyls (PCTs) and alkanes (PCAs), toxaphene, organohalogenated pesticides (OCPs), and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) and diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography were evaluated. Five column combinations, DB-1 × 007-210, DB-1 × HT-8, DB-1 × LC-50, DB-1 × 007-65HT and DB-1 × VF-23ms were used to study, primarily, group-type separations, but attention was devoted also to within-class separation, especially for those classes which were not addressed in much detail before, the PCNs, OCPs, PBBs and PCTs. The DB-1 × 007-210 column set did not offer any extra separation compared to one-dimensional GC. For the DB-1 × HT-8 column combination, the useful principle of congener separation on the basis of number of halogen substituents in a molecule was confirmed (PCBs, toxaphene) and extended (PCTs, PBDEs). No practically useful group-type separation was observed for this column combination. The DB-1 × LC-50 set provides group separation based on planarity: planar compounds such as PCDDs, PCDFs, PCDTs and PCNs are much more retained than, and therefore separated from, non-planar analytes. Within the classes of PCBs, PBBs and PCTs highly useful separation of planar from non-planar compounds was also observed. The DB-1 × 007-65HT column set effectively separates PCAs and PBDEs from all other compound classes, and provides a good separation of brominated and chlorinated analogue classes from each other. This column set was the most efficient one for within-class separation of OCPs and PCNs. Finally, DB-1 × VF-23ms yields excellent within-class separations, especially of non-aromatic compounds, viz. OCPs, toxaphene and PCAs. No group separation was observed here. The applicability of the approach was demonstrated for a sediment extract and a dust extract. In the sediment extract, PCDDs, PCDFs, PCAs and PCNs were identified and their efficient separation was achieved. In the dust sample, separation of PCAs and PBDEs was achieved and several new PBDE congeners were identified
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-44
    JournalJournal of Chromatography. A, Including electrophoresis and other separation methods
    Volume1086
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • resolution mass-spectrometry
    • polychlorinated-biphenyls
    • ionization
    • toxaphene
    • congeners
    • columns
    • pcbs

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