Greening Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Evaluating Environmental Policy in Vietnam

Le Van Khoa

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) contribute considerably to the economic and social development of bothViet Namand Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). But at the same time this sector causes severe environmental problems. Up till now, no systematic review and assessment has been carried out on the City's environmental pollution control programmes towards SMEs. Given that, the research applied the concepts of Political Modernization and developed a suitable environmental policy evaluation methodology in order to analyze three cases of prominent pollution control measures: Relocation of polluting enterprises programme, end-of-pipe treatment solutions and the cleaner production approach.Based on those results and experiences drawn from literature, this research aimed to contribute to the improvement of existing environmental policies towards SMEs in HCMC and the development of new feasible, effective and suitable environmental policies for greening the SME sector.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • Mol, Arthur, Promotor
Award date3 Oct 2006
Place of PublicationWageningen
Print ISBNs9789085044826
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • environmental policy
  • enterprises
  • businesses
  • small businesses
  • ecology
  • modernization
  • government policy
  • politics
  • environment
  • institutions
  • industry
  • production
  • vietnam
  • economic change
  • state


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