Greenhouse gas emissions in The Netherlands 1990-2011. National Inventory Report 2013

P.W.H.G. Coenen, C.W.M. Maas, P.J. Zijlema, E.J.M.M. Arets, K. Baas, A.C.W.M. van den Berghe, J.D. te Biesebeek, A.T. Brandt, G. Geilenkirchen, K.W. van der Hoek, R. te Molder, R. Dröge, J.A. Montfoort, C.J. Peek, J. Vonk

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


Total greenhouse gas emissions from The Netherlands in 2011 decreased by approximately 7 per cent compared with 2010 emissions. This decrease is mainly the result of decreased fuel combustion in the Energy sector (less electricity production) and in the petrochemical industry. Fuel use for space heating decreased due to the mild winter compared with the very cold 2010 winter. In 2011, total direct greenhouse gas emissions (excluding emissions from LULUCF – land use, land use change and forestry) in The Netherlands amounted to 194.4 Tg CO2 eq. This is approximately 9 per cent below the emissions in the base year 2 (213.2 Tg CO2 eq). This report documents the Netherlands’ 2012 annual submission of its greenhouse gas emissions inventory in accordance with the guidelines provided by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and the European Union’s Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism. The report comprises explanations of observed trends in emissions; a description of an assessment of key sources and their uncertainty; documentation of methods, data sources and emission factors applied; and a description of the quality assurance system and the verification activities performed on the data. Keywords: greenhouse gases, emissions, trends, methodology, climate
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBilthoven
Number of pages258
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • greenhouse gases
  • air pollution
  • environmental policy
  • government policy
  • emission
  • trends
  • inventories
  • methodology

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    Coenen, P. W. H. G., Maas, C. W. M., Zijlema, P. J., Arets, E. J. M. M., Baas, K., van den Berghe, A. C. W. M., ... Vonk, J. (2013). Greenhouse gas emissions in The Netherlands 1990-2011. National Inventory Report 2013. Bilthoven: RIVM.