Greenhouse-gas emissions from soils increased by earthworms

I.M. Lubbers, K.J. van Groenigen, S.J. Fonte, J. Six, L. Brussaard, J.W. van Groenigen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Earthworms play an essential part in determining the greenhouse-gas balance of soils worldwide, and their influence is expected to grow over the next decades. They are thought to stimulate carbon sequestration in soil aggregates, but also to increase emissions of the main greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Hence, it remains highly controversial whether earthworms predominantly affect soils to act as a net source or sink of greenhouse gases. Here, we provide a quantitative review of the overall effect of earthworms on the soil greenhouse-gas balance. Our results suggest that although earthworms are largely beneficial to soil fertility, they increase net soil greenhouse-gas emissions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-194
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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earthworm
greenhouse gas
soil gas
fertility
soil
soil aggregate
nitrous oxide
soil fertility
carbon sequestration
carbon dioxide

Keywords

  • nitrous-oxide fluxes
  • organic-matter dynamics
  • carbon-dioxide
  • ecosystem engineers
  • agricultural intensification
  • nitrifier denitrification
  • endogeic earthworms
  • microbial activity
  • n2o emission
  • crop residue

Cite this

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title = "Greenhouse-gas emissions from soils increased by earthworms",
abstract = "Earthworms play an essential part in determining the greenhouse-gas balance of soils worldwide, and their influence is expected to grow over the next decades. They are thought to stimulate carbon sequestration in soil aggregates, but also to increase emissions of the main greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Hence, it remains highly controversial whether earthworms predominantly affect soils to act as a net source or sink of greenhouse gases. Here, we provide a quantitative review of the overall effect of earthworms on the soil greenhouse-gas balance. Our results suggest that although earthworms are largely beneficial to soil fertility, they increase net soil greenhouse-gas emissions",
keywords = "nitrous-oxide fluxes, organic-matter dynamics, carbon-dioxide, ecosystem engineers, agricultural intensification, nitrifier denitrification, endogeic earthworms, microbial activity, n2o emission, crop residue",
author = "I.M. Lubbers and {van Groenigen}, K.J. and S.J. Fonte and J. Six and L. Brussaard and {van Groenigen}, J.W.",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1038/nclimate1692",
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pages = "187--194",
journal = "Nature Climate Change",
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publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

Greenhouse-gas emissions from soils increased by earthworms. / Lubbers, I.M.; van Groenigen, K.J.; Fonte, S.J.; Six, J.; Brussaard, L.; van Groenigen, J.W.

In: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, 2013, p. 187-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Greenhouse-gas emissions from soils increased by earthworms

AU - Lubbers, I.M.

AU - van Groenigen, K.J.

AU - Fonte, S.J.

AU - Six, J.

AU - Brussaard, L.

AU - van Groenigen, J.W.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Earthworms play an essential part in determining the greenhouse-gas balance of soils worldwide, and their influence is expected to grow over the next decades. They are thought to stimulate carbon sequestration in soil aggregates, but also to increase emissions of the main greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Hence, it remains highly controversial whether earthworms predominantly affect soils to act as a net source or sink of greenhouse gases. Here, we provide a quantitative review of the overall effect of earthworms on the soil greenhouse-gas balance. Our results suggest that although earthworms are largely beneficial to soil fertility, they increase net soil greenhouse-gas emissions

AB - Earthworms play an essential part in determining the greenhouse-gas balance of soils worldwide, and their influence is expected to grow over the next decades. They are thought to stimulate carbon sequestration in soil aggregates, but also to increase emissions of the main greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Hence, it remains highly controversial whether earthworms predominantly affect soils to act as a net source or sink of greenhouse gases. Here, we provide a quantitative review of the overall effect of earthworms on the soil greenhouse-gas balance. Our results suggest that although earthworms are largely beneficial to soil fertility, they increase net soil greenhouse-gas emissions

KW - nitrous-oxide fluxes

KW - organic-matter dynamics

KW - carbon-dioxide

KW - ecosystem engineers

KW - agricultural intensification

KW - nitrifier denitrification

KW - endogeic earthworms

KW - microbial activity

KW - n2o emission

KW - crop residue

U2 - 10.1038/nclimate1692

DO - 10.1038/nclimate1692

M3 - Review article

VL - 3

SP - 187

EP - 194

JO - Nature Climate Change

JF - Nature Climate Change

SN - 1758-678X

ER -