Greenhouse designs for Mexico. Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa

A. Elings, S.L. Speetjens, N. Garcia Victoria

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

This study reports on the environmental and economic impacts of greenhouses with different technological levels in the states of Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa in Mexico. Seven technology levels were evaluated, varying in the type of substrate, covering material, heating, CO2 enrichment, misting, screens, and the use of re-circulation. Increased technology results in increased production. With increased technology, water use increases (with the exception of the highest level of technology, a semi-closed greenhouse), energy use increases (with the exception of a greenhouse with a screen and a glass-covered greenhouse), water use efficiency increases, but energy use efficiency decreases (with the exception of a glass-covered greenhouse). Net income is highest for a glass-covered greenhouse for Aguascalientes and Querétaro, and for systems with heating, CO2, misting and screens for Sinaloa. If the most simple and closed greenhouse for Aguascalientes and Querétaro are excluded (because they are very different technological levels), then pay-back periods for the remaining scenarios do not differ very much. The pay-back period for Sinaloa is shortest for a system with heating and CO2. Opportunities for the Netherlands supply industry exist in the (further) introduction of recirculation systems (water saving), heating (production, net income), screens and glass greenhouse cover (energy saving, production, net income), geothermal energy and solar panels (renewable energy).
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture
Number of pages70
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameReports Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture
PublisherWageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture
No.1295

Fingerprint

Mexico
greenhouses
glass
heat
income
energy
geothermal energy
solar collectors
renewable energy sources
economic impact
water use efficiency
Netherlands
environmental impact
water
industry

Keywords

  • greenhouse technology
  • greenhouse horticulture
  • substrates
  • cladding
  • thermal screens
  • soil heating
  • agricultural research
  • environmental impact
  • mexico

Cite this

Elings, A., Speetjens, S. L., & Garcia Victoria, N. (2014). Greenhouse designs for Mexico. Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa. (Reports Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture; No. 1295). Wageningen: Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture.
Elings, A. ; Speetjens, S.L. ; Garcia Victoria, N. / Greenhouse designs for Mexico. Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa. Wageningen : Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, 2014. 70 p. (Reports Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture; 1295).
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Elings, A, Speetjens, SL & Garcia Victoria, N 2014, Greenhouse designs for Mexico. Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa. Reports Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, no. 1295, Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, Wageningen.

Greenhouse designs for Mexico. Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa. / Elings, A.; Speetjens, S.L.; Garcia Victoria, N.

Wageningen : Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, 2014. 70 p. (Reports Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture; No. 1295).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

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N2 - This study reports on the environmental and economic impacts of greenhouses with different technological levels in the states of Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa in Mexico. Seven technology levels were evaluated, varying in the type of substrate, covering material, heating, CO2 enrichment, misting, screens, and the use of re-circulation. Increased technology results in increased production. With increased technology, water use increases (with the exception of the highest level of technology, a semi-closed greenhouse), energy use increases (with the exception of a greenhouse with a screen and a glass-covered greenhouse), water use efficiency increases, but energy use efficiency decreases (with the exception of a glass-covered greenhouse). Net income is highest for a glass-covered greenhouse for Aguascalientes and Querétaro, and for systems with heating, CO2, misting and screens for Sinaloa. If the most simple and closed greenhouse for Aguascalientes and Querétaro are excluded (because they are very different technological levels), then pay-back periods for the remaining scenarios do not differ very much. The pay-back period for Sinaloa is shortest for a system with heating and CO2. Opportunities for the Netherlands supply industry exist in the (further) introduction of recirculation systems (water saving), heating (production, net income), screens and glass greenhouse cover (energy saving, production, net income), geothermal energy and solar panels (renewable energy).

AB - This study reports on the environmental and economic impacts of greenhouses with different technological levels in the states of Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa in Mexico. Seven technology levels were evaluated, varying in the type of substrate, covering material, heating, CO2 enrichment, misting, screens, and the use of re-circulation. Increased technology results in increased production. With increased technology, water use increases (with the exception of the highest level of technology, a semi-closed greenhouse), energy use increases (with the exception of a greenhouse with a screen and a glass-covered greenhouse), water use efficiency increases, but energy use efficiency decreases (with the exception of a glass-covered greenhouse). Net income is highest for a glass-covered greenhouse for Aguascalientes and Querétaro, and for systems with heating, CO2, misting and screens for Sinaloa. If the most simple and closed greenhouse for Aguascalientes and Querétaro are excluded (because they are very different technological levels), then pay-back periods for the remaining scenarios do not differ very much. The pay-back period for Sinaloa is shortest for a system with heating and CO2. Opportunities for the Netherlands supply industry exist in the (further) introduction of recirculation systems (water saving), heating (production, net income), screens and glass greenhouse cover (energy saving, production, net income), geothermal energy and solar panels (renewable energy).

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KW - milieueffect

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KW - greenhouse technology

KW - greenhouse horticulture

KW - substrates

KW - cladding

KW - thermal screens

KW - soil heating

KW - agricultural research

KW - environmental impact

KW - mexico

M3 - Report

T3 - Reports Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture

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PB - Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture

CY - Wageningen

ER -

Elings A, Speetjens SL, Garcia Victoria N. Greenhouse designs for Mexico. Aguascalientes, Querétaro and Sinaloa. Wageningen: Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, 2014. 70 p. (Reports Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture; 1295).