Graadmeter Diensten van Natuur, update 2020: Vraag, aanbod, gebruik en trend van goederen en diensten uit ecosystemen in Nederland

B. de Knegt, M. van der Aa, L. van Gerven, K. Hendriks, S. Koopmans, M. Lof, M. Riksen, H. Roelofsen, S. de Vries, I. Woltjer

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


Dutch society makes use of a variety of goods and services provided by ecosystems – generally referred to as ecosystem services. A visible record of the status and trends in ecosystem services can help government and industry to incorporate the interests of nature and the environment in the Netherlands into decisionmaking processes. The results show that although Dutch ecosystems make a valuable contribution towards the need for the sustainable provision of goods and services, they do not satisfy the entire demand. Moreover, over the past 20 years the demand for most ecosystem services has risen faster than the supply.
Original languageDutch
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWOT Natuur & Milieu
Number of pages136
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameWOt-technical report
ISSN (Print)2352-2739


  • ecosystem services
  • biobased economy
  • natural resource economics
  • demand
  • supply
  • biomass
  • ecosystems
  • wood

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