Governing farmland conversion: Comparing China with the Netherlands and Germany

R. Tan, V. Beckmann, L.M. van den Berg, F. Qu Futian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


Farmland conversion has become an increasing concern in China and other parts of the world, including Europe and the USA. Be it for environmental or food security reasons, questions arise concerning how urbanization should be governed, i.e. what rules and regulations could enhance the efficiency and sustainability of land use. Taking a first step toward answering such questions, this paper describes different governance structures for farmland conversion in the Netherlands, Germany, and China. Secondly, it compares five identified differences between these countries in the realms of land property, land use planning, the role of the market, the role of government, and the performance of governance structures. The purpose of this paper is to develop an approach for comparing governance structures for land conversion that: (a) offers some opportunities for exchange of experience between the three countries and (b) provides a framework for further research on governance structures in farmland conversion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-974
JournalLand Use Policy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • urban sprawl
  • land
  • policy
  • resources

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