Governing conservation tourism partnerships in Kenya

M.A.J. Lamers, V.R. van der Duim, J.J. van Wijk, R.W. Nthiga, I.J. Visseren-Hamakers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This article adopts the Policy Arrangements Approach to study how the stability of conservation tourism partnerships is governed. Our study compares two private-community partnerships in Kenya to explore how incongruences resulting from internal dynamics and external challenges are faced. Drawing on the notion of metagovernance, the article examines the roles of the actors involved in ensuring internal and external congruence. It is concluded that conservation tourism PCPs are adaptive entities that need to be actively governed, to ensure long term outcomes that are effective and democratic, and that both state and non-state actors can take on this role.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-265
Number of pages17
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • natural-resource management
  • biodiversity conservation
  • governance
  • africa
  • arrangements
  • networks
  • laikipia

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