Globalization and Social Change: Gender-Specific Effects of Trade Liberalization in Indonesia

Krisztina Kis-Katos*, Janneke Pieters, Robert Sparrow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


We analyze the gender-specific effects of trade liberalization on participation in market work, domestic duties, and marriage rates in Indonesia. We show that female work participation increased and participation in domestic duties declined in regions that were more exposed to input tariff reductions. The effects of output tariff reductions were much less pronounced, and we find little impacts on men. Among the potential channels, we find that reductions in input tariffs led to a relative expansion of more female-intensive sectors as well as a decrease in sectoral gender segregation, especially among the low skilled. Liberalization also led to delayed marriage among both sexes and reduced fertility among less educated women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763–793
JournalIMF Economic Review
Issue number4
Early online date17 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


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