Global distribution and sources of dissolved inorganic nitrogen export to the coastal zone: Results from a spatially explicit, global model

E.L. Dumont, J.A. Harrison, C. Kroeze, E.J. Bakker, S.P. Seitzinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we describe, test, and apply a spatially explicit, global model for predicting dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) export by rivers to coastal waters (NEWS-DIN). NEWS-DIN was developed as part of an internally consistent suite of global nutrient export models. Modeled and measured DIN export values agree well (calibration R-2 = 0.79), and NEWS-DIN is relatively free of bias. NEWS-DIN predicts: DIN yields ranging from 0.0004 to 5217 kg N km(-2) yr(-1) with the highest DIN yields occurring in Europe and South East Asia; global DIN export to coastal waters of 25 Tg N yr(-1), with 16 Tg N yr(-1) from anthropogenic sources; biological N-2 fixation is the dominant source of exported DIN; and globally, and on every continent except Africa, N fertilizer is the largest anthropogenic source of DIN export to coastal waters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)np
Number of pages14
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume19
Issue numberGB4SO2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • marine ecosystems
  • world rivers
  • fresh-water
  • phosphorus
  • ocean
  • consequences
  • retention
  • system
  • impact
  • cycle

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