Genotype x environment interaction QTL mapping in plants: lessons from Arabidopsis

M. El-Soda, M. Malosetti, B.J. Zwaan, M. Koornneef, M.G.M. Aarts

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129 Citations (Scopus)


Plant growth and development are influenced by the genetic composition of the plant (G), the environment (E), and the interaction between them (G × E). To produce suitable genotypes for multiple environments, G × E should be accounted for and assessed in plant-breeding programs. Here, we review the genetic basis of G × E and its consequence for quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping in biparental and genome-wide association (GWA) mapping populations. We also consider the implications of G × E for understanding plant fitness trade-offs and evolutionary ecology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-398
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • quantitative trait loci
  • genome-wide association
  • adaptive phenotypic plasticity
  • flowering time
  • natural variation
  • mixed-model
  • missing heritability
  • drought tolerance
  • complex traits
  • life-history

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